Engineering is the use of mathematical, scientific, and practical principles to invent, improve, maintain, and understand manmade processes – like machines, structures, tools, and components. If you enjoy problem solving, and are good with numbers, Engineering is an excellent field in which to specialise and there are many reasons why you should become an engineer.
Transferable skills: No matter what type of engineering you study your degree will always be based on solving complex problems. You will learn how to find solutions and your problem-solving skills will be sought after in different industries.
High demand for engineers: A survey of 7.5 million professionals showed that engineering jobs are the third largest job family world-wide. In 2018 circa 8% of all jobs world-wide were engineering jobs (Source: MastersAvenue Global Degree and Career Survey).
Attractive compensation: One of the key benefits of studying engineering is financial. No matter if you are a recent engineering graduate or an experienced engineer, your salary is likely to be always significantly higher than the average salary of other qualifications. Most types of engineering degrees will provide the chance to earn more than $100k per year once the engineer has a few years of work experience.
But Engineering is also a really broad field – there are lots of different types of Engineering. How do you choose which kind of Engineering is the right one for you?
Below, we’ve provided a quick introduction to five of the most popular different branches of the field. First, we have the “Big Four”; Civil Engineering, Electrical Engineering, Mechanical Engineering, and Chemical Engineering. We then finish off with one more, popular choice – Computer Engineering.
Civil Engineers use concrete, stone, steel, and bricks, to construct and maintain public and private infrastructure – such as roads, bridges, sewers, and buildings. Civil engineers also work with natural processes, like the movement of air, water, and soil – known as hydraulics and geotechnics. As environmental issues become more prominent, disciplines like Earth Systems engineering – a branch of Civil Engineering - are becoming ever more important.
Civil Engineering is particularly relevant to the Construction sector. There is also considerable demand for Civil Engineers in the utilities, including water, gas and power generation. So if you’d like to make a career out of modelling complex systems and buildings things that can withstand them, Civil Engineering is the way to go!
To learn more about the career prospects for graduates in civil engineering check out the MastersAvenue’s Global Degree and Career Survey (GDCS) ©.
The application of electricity is studied by two, closely-related branches of Engineering. Electrical Engineers are concerned with the generation and supply of electricity, while Electronic Engineers deal with circuitry, such as that used in domestic appliances or computers. Really exciting, growing fields – such as Renewable Energy and Robotics – fall under these branches.
Naturally, Electrical Engineers find employment within the power industry, while Electronics Engineers are widely employed in IT and telecoms. If you get a buzz out of high-tech solutions, then consider Electrical Engineering!
To learn more about the career prospects for graduates in electrical engineering check out the MastersAvenue’s Global Degree and Career Survey (GDCS) ©.
Mechanical Engineering is all about machines. Although it is the oldest branch of Engineering, it is so broad that it touches upon almost every other branch, and relates to particular fields – such as rocketry, aeronautics, robotics, and biomechanics – that are truly groundbreaking.
Mechanical Engineering opens up a huge range of different careers. Manufacturing is a particularly common choice, with Mechanical Engineers working in the production of aerospace products, weapons, cars, ships, domestic appliances, hydraulics, and industrial automation devices. Mechanical Engineers also work on such diverse fields as space travel (think of exciting organisations like NASA or SpaceX), nanotechnology, and the manufacture of medical implants. If you’re fascinated by tinkering with innovative devices, then mechanical engineering is the field for you.
To learn more about the career prospects for graduates in mechanical engineering check out the MastersAvenue’s Global Degree and Career Survey (GDCS) ©.
At the opposite end of the scale from Civil Engineering, Chemical Engineering combines Engineering principles with know-how from Chemistry, Physics, and Biology to produce new, useful materials on a commercial scale. Chemical engineers generally work in laboratories, using meticulous experiments and mathematical models to not only develop new substances, but to determine how to produce them as safely, cheaply and efficiently as possible.
Chemical Engineering is highly sought-after by a number of specialised, high-tech industries, such as microfabrication, biomolecule production, and oil refining. If you’ve got a background in Biology or Chemistry, but you’re interested in figuring out commercial applications for those disciplines, then consider becoming a Chemical Engineer!
To learn more about the career prospects for graduates in chemical engineering check out the MastersAvenue’s Global Degree and Career Survey (GDCS) ©.
Computer and Software Engineers deal with the design, building and programming of computers. A subfield of Electronics, the importance and complexity of computers is such that these fields are frequently the subject of dedicated master’s degrees. Computer Engineering operates at a similar scale to Chemical Engineering, but with many aspects of Electrical Engineering, while Software Engineers combine mathematical skill with a gift for languages.
Ever thought of becoming a Computer or Software Engineer? If you’re great at logic puzzles, and love playing with computers, then maybe you should!
To learn more about the career prospects for graduates in computer engineering check out the MastersAvenue’s Global Degree and Career Survey (GDCS) ©.