Dealing with the fundamental forces and properties that underpin the nature of the universe, Physics uses a combination of mathematical equations and empirical observations to understand space, time, and the basic rules of nature. Physics is subdivided further into disciplines like cosmology, thermodynamics, quantum mechanics, and nuclear physics. The equations and models of natural systems developed within Physics directly inform all the other Natural Sciences, and through them, applied disciplines like Engineering, Medicine, Architecture. As with the other Natural Sciences, a Masters in Physics (normally an MSc) requires an academic background in a related field. Although Physics provides excellent opportunities for advancement in academic research, Physics graduates with an MSc have a great many other options. Their mathematical skills are highly valued in the financial sector and the tech industry, while their familiarity with physical systems can be easily applied to manufacturing and other industrial processes. Physicists are also highly sought-after as teachers in schools.